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Celebration of Space - August 28, 2020

Mars, Jupiter, and the Moon in conjunction. Credit: Scott MacNeill

Mars, Jupiter, and the Moon in conjunction. Credit: Scott MacNeill

Step outside tonight, Friday, August 28, 2020 to catch Saturn, Jupiter, and the waxing gibbous Moon in conjunction. The Moon will be situated about 1.75° below Jupiter, with Saturn hanging out about 7° to the east, forming a thin triangle in the sky. With Saturn and Jupiter spending the year in close visual proximity to each other, we are having quite a year of conjunctions. If you miss out tonight, second chances rock as tomorrow night the brighter waxing gibbous Moon will be just below and east of Saturn. So step outside either tonight or tomorrow and enjoy the celestial dance of Jupiter, Saturn, and the gibbous Moon, compliments of the cosmos.

This coming Wednesday, September 2, 2020, at 1:22 am, the full lunar phase will occur. Happening on September 2nd makes this the Full Moon of September. Many sky watchers erroneously think that the September Full Moon is the Harvest Moon. Though this is often the case, it is also not entirely accurate. The Full Moon of September is actually called the Full Corn Moon. The Harvest Moon is defined as the Full Moon that occurs closest to the Autumnal Equinox (September 22, 2020 at 9:31 am). Which is usually the Full Corn Moon of September. Though in 2020 this is not the case. The Harvest Moon of 2020 will occur on October 1, 2020 at 5:05 pm., and will coincide with the Full Hunter’s Moon of October.

Another common misconception associated with the Harvest Moon is that it will be the brightest and largest of all full lunar phases of the year. The only time this is technically accurate is during the yearly lunar perigee syzygy (Supermoon), when the Moon is the closest to Earth of all other full lunar phases of the year. Even then, it’s not so much visible as it is measurable. In 2020 the Harvest Moon is certainly not a perigee syzygy. The reason why people associate the Harvest Moon with the brightest, largest Moon of the year is more of meme evolution than anything else. The event is over-hyped by the media and is traditionally associated with harvesting by moonlight. This had led to the misconception that the Moon is somehow brighter and larger than all other Full Moons. Regardless of what we say, we always have visitors that point out to us that the Harvest Moon indisputably IS the brightest and largest Full Moon they have ever seen. A true testament to the power of meme evolution. In any case, it is a good reason to step outside and enjoy the cool autumn air and ponder the cosmos.

Next Friday, September 4, 2020 would have normally been the fabulous Rhythm and Roots music festival, which coincides with the last Summer Stargazing Nights event at Frosty Drew Observatory for the year. Note, that we are still open every Friday year round, but with our regular Stargazing Nights event instead. Due to the global pandemic, the amazing Rhythm and Roots festival has been canceled for 2020. This will make for a quiet night at Frosty Drew Observatory, and potentially a more family friendly night for those who don’t dig BlueGrass and Americana jam sessions. Instead of our Rhythm and Roots summer send off event, we will host our last Summer Stargazing Nights event the same way we have been hosting all summer. It is important to note that we will continue to open every Friday night through autumn, winter, and spring with our regular Stargazing Nights event, and we will stop requiring tickets once local mandates regarding the pandemic are eased.

Now that the close of summer is upon us, Mars – the red planet, is growing brighter with each passing night. Now rising within two hours after sunset, Mars is resuming its role as that bi-yearly red beacon in the night sky. Considering that Mars has a 687 Earth-day orbit around the Sun, compared to Earth’s 365 day orbit, we see Mars every 2 years in the night sky. Since Earth will be passing Mars on October 13, 2020 (opposition), we will be observing Mars during the winter season on Mars’ northern hemisphere. Now Mars has a problem with sandstorms, which are very prevalent during perihelion (Mars’ closest approach to the Sun). If opposition occurs during perihelion, the chances of having a global sandstorm obscure our view of Mars’ surface is a bit high, which happened two years ago. This year, Mars’ perihelion happened on August 3, 2020, and no serious sandstorms have occurred yet. This bodes well for Mars observers over the next two months, since surface features on Mars are quite visible in a telescope around the period of opposition, unless obscured by sandstorms. We have already begun observing Mars for the 2020 viewing season at Frosty Drew Observatory and are hopeful for many fantastic views as we move through autumn. So stop in and see Mars’ dramatic landscape for yourself.

-Scott

Scott MacNeill
Author:
Scott MacNeill
Entry Date:
Aug 28, 2020
Published Under:
Scott MacNeill's Columns
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